A number of factors can lead to Gynaecomastia.
Gynaecomastia can stem from an imbalance between the sex hormones testosterone and estrogen. Estrogen, the “female” hormone, makes breast tissue grow, while testosterone, the “male” hormone, stops estrogen from making breast tissue grow.
All males and females have both testosterone and estrogen, but testosterone occurs in higher proportions in males, while females have higher levels of estrogen.
According to the American Family Physician, up to 1 in 9 newborn males have palpable breast tissue. This is because they have derived high levels of estrogen from the mother. As estrogen levels return to normal, the swelling goes away, usually within weeks. Check for Gynaecomastia in Sccaudi
Swollen breasts become more common among males as they approach middle and older age. Older men produce less testosterone, and they usually have more fat than younger men. This, too, can result in a higher production of estrogen.
Risk factors may include:
. Kidney or liver disease
. Alcohol abuse
. Radiation treatment of the testicles
. Klinefelter’s syndrome
. Tumors of the testes, adrenal or pituitary gland
. Hyperthyroidism and hormonally active tumors.
Between 10 percent and 20 percent of cases are thought to stem from the use of medication or herbal products, and 25 percent occur for unknown reasons. Researchers have suggested a possible link between gynecomastia and a number of illegal drugs.
Medications that can cause the breasts in men to enlarge include:
. Anabolic steroids
. Some antibiotics
. Some ulcer medications
. Tricyclic anti-depressants
. Diazepam (Valium) and some other drugs for treating anxiety
. Some HIV medications, including efavirenz, also known as Sustiva
. Anti-androgens, commonly prescribed for patients with cancer or prostate enlargement
. Some heart drugs, including calcium channel blockers and digoxin.
Tea tree oil and lavender products, used in creams and shampoos, may have an effect.
However, one meta-analysis notes that many of these claims are supported by poor quality evidence.
The Average Cost Of Gynaecomastia
Gynaecomastia cost ranges from 50,000 to 1 lakh. In corporate hospitals it ranges from 1 lakh to 2 lakhs, however this will depend on your particular case. This can only be determined during a consultation with your surgeon, and following that an accurate price can be quoted.
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